All about the Sphynx cat, a very original breed

The origins of the Sphynx

Some representations seem to show that the Aztecs had hairless cats. But the origin of the modern Sphynx cat, also known as a hairless cat, dates back to 1966 when a kitten was born hairless in Canada. Hugo Hernandez, a Dutch breeder, then collected a few cats carrying the gene in question to cross them with cats with very short hair. It is from this cross that the Sphynx comes. In France, it was presented for the first time in 1983 at a cat show and has been on the LOOF list (Official Book of Cat Origins) since the end of the 1980s.

The physique of the Sphynx

  • size: about 30 cm (female or male);
  • weight: 3 to 5 kilos (female or male);
  • hair: covered with a fine, almost invisible down;
  • skin color: variable according to the color that his hair would have had, in general, the same as that of his nose;
  • head shape: triangular
  • eye shape and color: large lemon-shaped eyes, coordinated with coat color, ranging from green to gold to blue;
  • ear shape: large pointed ears;
  • another peculiarity: wrinkles and folds of the skin, in particular at the level of the muzzle, the forehead, the chin, the neck and the legs.

The character of the Sphynx

The Sphynx is particularly sociable. He is very fond of humans and loves to perch on their shoulders more than on their lap. He gets along well with other cats, and even with dogs. There is little chance of seeing him fight.

It turns out to be active and playful without jumping around, and the installation of toys and a cat tree is recommended. Intelligent, the Sphynx cat likes to explore its environment and tends to always follow its master even if, like other cats, it needs moments of calm to rest. Generally more of an apartment cat, the Sphynx nevertheless retains a real hunting instinct.

The health of the Sphynx

The hairlessness of the Sphynx cat makes it very sensitive to the sun. Nevertheless, like all felines, this naked cat loves to bask in it. This can be a problem and it is advisable to apply sunscreen to avoid skin diseases that can be serious.

The Sphynx can also be prone to HCM (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy), a heart condition that can require lifelong treatments. On the other hand, as he does not ingest his hair while grooming, he can very well do without catnip indoors since he does not need to purge himself.

The Sphynx can also be affected by spasticity, which results in muscle weakness. Affected cats are particularly tired. According to the Antagene Laboratory, 3.70% of Sphynx in Europe are healthy carriers. This disease is detected by a DNA test.

The price of the Sphynx

The cost of the Sphynx is highly variable depending on its lineage. It is generally necessary to count a minimum of 900 euros, its price being able to reach 3000 euros.

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