Focus on the Siberian cat, a Russian feline

The origins of the Siberian

As its name suggests, the Siberian originated in Russia. Descended from Siberian forest cats, it would be the result of the cross between domestic individuals and wild felines from the Urals. Some think that it was rather born from the meeting between Angora cats brought from the Middle East and Russian domestic cats. What is certain is that the standards of the Siberian cat as we know it today were established in 1989. Introduced in Europe in the 1980s, the Siberian quickly won over feline lovers. He arrived in France in 1991, until today becoming one of the favorite breeds of the French.

The physique of the Siberian

  • height: 35 cm when adult;
  • weight: from 4 to 10 kg (males), or from 4 to 8 kg (females);
  • hair: medium to long, dense and waterproof;
  • coat color: all coats except Cinnamon, Fawn, Chocolate and Lilac;
  • head shape: broad and in the shape of an inverted trapezium, rounded forehead, round muzzle;
  • shape and color of the eyes: large, round, set well apart, all colors accepted;
  • shape of the ears: large, wide and topped with plumes;
  • another peculiarity: strong musculature.

The character of the Siberian

The Siberian is known for his intelligence, calm and gentleness. Particularly adapted to family life, he is affectionate, sociable and curious. He generally gets along well with his congeners, but also with dogs and with children. The Siberian cat is lively and active, with marked hunting behavior.

He likes to move and will appreciate having outdoor access, although living in an apartment with all the necessary enrichments may also suit him. With its waterproof and thick coat, the Siberian fears neither the rain nor the cold, and likes to go out in all weathers. He is also particularly “talkative” with his humans, with whom he likes to give voice!

The health of the Siberian

A primitive breed, the Siberian is a cat with robust health. He is not prone to any specific disease. Up-to-date vaccines, regular deworming, a balanced diet and veterinary checks allow it to last between 15 and 20 years. Like many other breeds, however, it is affected by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), which causes heart failure and severe fatigue.

The maintenance of the coat of the Siberian is an important point to take into account. Long-haired cats tend to swallow large amounts of dead hair while grooming, which can cause intestinal obstructions. Regular brushing, even daily during moulting, will prevent this kind of problem.

The Siberian is also considered a hypoallergenic cat. The study Polymorphism Analysis of Ch1 and Ch2 Genes in the Siberian Cat (2017) shows that this breed would have undergone mutations in certain genes which would be linked to the allergenic power of cats.

The price of the Siberian

To buy a Siberian cat in breeding, it is necessary to count between 800 and 1,600 euros. In terms of maintenance costs, it is necessary to plan between 700 and 1,000 euros per year to take care of a Siberian.

Science and Practical Future

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